Truck Platooning

PATH has been working on development of a cooperative adaptive cruise control (CACC) system for heavy trucks in collaboration with the Volvo Group since 2015, under the sponsorship of the FHWA Exploratory Advanced Research Program and the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans).  The reports posted here describe the technical results of this research, which also led to public demonstrations in San Jose, CA (June 2016 during the ITS America Annual Meeting), at the Port of Los Angeles (March 2017) and on I-66 in the northern Virginia suburbs of Washington DC (September 2017).  Transport Canada supported two series of test track experiments to measure the fuel economy of this system at their Motor Vehicle Test Centre in Blainville, Quebec.  The first of those experiments was conducted in October 2016, in collaboration with the FHWA and Caltrans supported project and the second experiment was conducted in August 2017 in collaboration with PATH research sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Efficient Mobility Systems program.


A First Investigation of Truck Drivers’ On-the-Road Experience Using Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control

Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control (CACC) For Truck Platooning: Operational Concept Alternatives

Industry Needs and Opportunities for Truck Platooning

Microsimulation Framework to Explore Impact of Truck Platooning on Traffic Operation and Energy Consumption: Development and Case Study


Partial Automation for Truck Platooning (April 2014)

Partial Automation for Truck Platooning-Background Information for Discussion About Testing at Gaps Shorter than 100 ft. (July 2016)

PATH's Truck Cooperative ACC System Development and Testing (October 2016)

Truck CACC Fuel Economy Testing: Initial Test Track Results (January 2017)

Truck Platooning: An Early Application of Cooperative Vehicle Automation (March 2017)

Truck CACC Fuel Economy Testing: Initial Test Track Results (July 2017)

Truck Platooning: State of the Art Review (July 2017)

Overview of California PATH's Cooperative Truck Platooning Systems (August 2017)

Overview of California PATH's Cooperative Truck Platooning Systems (September 2017)

Connected and Automated Trucks: What and When? (October 2017)

Road Vehicle Automation: Challenges and Opportunities (October 2017)

Introduction to Truck Platooning (October 2017)


Partial Automation for Truck Platooning 

Micro-Simulation of Truck Platooning with Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control: Model Development and a Case Study

Demonstration Ride-Partially Automated Truck Platoon: Heavy Truck Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control (CACC) 

A First Investigation of Truck Drivers' On-the-Road Experience Using Cooperative ACC

A First Investigation of Truck Drivers' Preferences and Behaviors Using a Prototype Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control System

Truck Partial Automation- Integrated ACC and CACC


Video of October 2016 testing in Blainville, Quebec at vehicle following time gaps between
0.6 s and 1.5 s


Video of August 2017 testing in Blainville, Quebec at vehicle following gaps between 4 m and
87 m, including cut-ins by other vehicles and comparison with long combination vehicle


Caltrans District 7 video of March 2017 demonstration on I-110 near the Port of Los Angeles


Caltrans Director's video associated with March 2017 demonstration


FHWA video of PATH's September 2017 demonstration on I-66 in northern Virginia