Arnaud de La Fortelle

Visiting Professor

537 Davis Hall
UC Berkeley
Berkeley, CA
United States

Current Research

I have been working on autonomous driving projects for more than a decade, both at theoretical and practical levels. I am currently coordinating the International Research Chair Drive for All whose main interest is the second generation of automated driving, i.e. better integrating in transportation systems, urban and cooperative. My research project while at UC Berkeley for the year 2017-2018 is to study safety assessment aspects of autonomous driving: while the most promising techniques are best effort (e.g. Deep Learning), can we still achieve safety guaranties? This research effort is made in collaboration with Dr. Wei-Bin Zhang and Dr. Ching-Yao Chan. However I continue to work on other related topics such as cooperative and adaptive path planning and control (which impacts the behavioral level) or perception. A complete CV can be found here. More research activity here. 

Biography

Arnaud de La Fortelle first studied theoretical properties of probability distributions (large deviations) with application to queing networks (1997-2003). He then applied this knowledge to vehicle networks with a special focus for cybercars (2003-2005). At the same time, he began to manage projects at INRIA; then he managed part of the team IMARA at INRIA and as well as at Mines ParisTech. He became director of the joint research unit LaRA (the automated road) between INRIA and Mines ParisTech in 2006. He moved to Mines ParisTech in 2006 (keeping managerial responsibilities at INRIA) where he became director of the Center for Robotics (CAOR) in 2008 and full professor in 2009. During that period, he investigated communications for cooperative systems and the architecture needed in distributed systems. While keeping some fundamental research in probability theory, his main topic of interest is now cooperative systems (data distribution, control, mathematical certification) and their applications (e.g. Cybercars,  collective taxis). He coordinates two chairs: the international research chair Drive for All sponsored by PSA Peugeot-Citroën, Safran and Valeo dealing with automated driving for ground vehicles (in partnership with EPFL, Shanghai Jiao Tong University and UC Berkeley/PATH partners); and the chair on Urban logistics sponsored by Renault, La Poste, POMONA, City of Paris and ADEME.

Publications

Book chapters

1.Obst, M.; Marjovi, A.; Vasic, M.; Navarro, I.; Martinoli, A.; Amditis, A.; Pantazopoulos, P.; Llatser, I.; de la Fortelle, A. & Qian, X. Springer, ed.,  (2016), Challenges for Automated Cooperative Driving – The AutoNet2030 Approach, Springer chapter X, pp. 1-11.

2.de La Fortelle, A.; Lasgouttes, J.-M. & Moutarde, F. (2013), Information, Modeling and Traffic Reconstruction, 'Geopositioning and Mobility', Wiley, .

3.Alshaer, H.; Ernst, T. & de La Fortelle, A. (2013), A Novel Distributed QoS Control Scheme for Multi-homed Vehicular Networks, in Robil Daher & Alexey Vinel, ed., 'Roadside Networks for Vehicular Communications: Architectures, Applications and Test Fields', IGI Global, , pp. 150-168.

4.de La Fortelle, A. (2008), L'information trafic et les modélisations de prédiction de trafic'Géopositionnement et mobilités', Presses Polytechniques et Universitaires Romandes.

5.Pauplin, O. & de La Fortelle, A. (2008), Application of Artificial Evolution to Obstacle Detection and Mobile Robot Control'Frontiers in Evolutionary Robotics', I-Tech Education and Publishing, Vienna, Austria, , pp. 379—392.

6.Bouraoui, L.; Fortelle, A. & Laouiti, A. (2006), OLSR Improvement for Distributed Traffic Applications, in K. Agha; I. Guerin-Lassous & G. Pujolle, ed., 'Challenges in Ad Hoc Networking', Springer US, , pp. 73-77.

7.Delcoigne, F. & de La Fortelle, A. (2000), 'Large deviations for polling systems', Mathematics and Computer Science: Algorithms, Trees, Combinatorics, and Probabilities 1, 221.

Journal publications

1.Zhang, K.; Yang, A.; Su, H.; de La Fortelle, A.; Miao, K. & Yao, Y. (2016), 'Service-Oriented Cooperation Models and Mechanisms for Heterogeneous Driverless Vehicles at Continuous Static Critical Sections', IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems PP(99), 1--15.

2.Gregoire, J.; Qian, X.; Frazzoli, E.; de La Fortelle, A. & Wongpiromsarn, T. (2015), 'Capacity-aware back-pressure traffic signal control', IEEE Transactions on Control of Network Systems 2(2), 164-173.

3.ZHANG, K.; ZHANG, D.; de La Fortelle, A.; WU, X. & GREGOIRE, J. (2015), 'State-driven Priority Scheduling Mechanisms for Driverless Vehicles Approaching Intersections', Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems 16(5), 2487 – 2500.

4.Wirbel, E.; Bonnabel, S.; de La Fortelle, A. & Moutarde, F. (2014), 'Humanoid Robot Navigation: Getting Localization Information from Vision', Journal of Intelligent Systems 23(2), 113-132.

5.van Dijke, J.; van Schijndel, M.; Nashashibi, F. & de La Fortelle, A. (2012), 'Certification of Automated Transport Systems', Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 48, 3461—3470.

6.Lioris, J. E.; Cohen, G. & de La Fortelle, A. (2011), 'Revisiting Urban Taxis: Optimal Real Time Management And Performance Appraisal By A Discrete Event Simulation Model', International Journal on Advances in Systems and Measurements 4(1 & 2), 71-85.

7.Lucas, F.; Guettier, C.; Siarry, P.; Milcent, A.-M. & de La Fortelle, A. (2010), 'Constrained Navigation with Mandatory Waypoints in Uncertain Environment', International Journal of Information Sciences and Computer Engineering 1(2), 75-85.

8.de Asís García Collado, F. & de La Fortelle, A. (2010), 'Conduccion cooperativa en intersecciones', Automática e Instrumentación 423, 41-47.

9.Papadimitratos, P.; de La Fortelle, A.; Evenssen, K.; Brignolo, R. & Cosenza, S. (2009), 'Vehicular communication systems: Enabling technologies, applications, and future outlook on intelligent transportation', Communications Magazine, IEEE 47(11), 84-95.

10.Muhlethaler, P.; Toor, Y.; Laouiti, A. & de La Fortelle, A. (2008), 'Vehicle Ad Hoc networks: applications and related technical issues', IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials 10(3), 74-88.

11.de La Fortelle, A. (2006), 'Yule process sample path asymptotics', Electronic Communications in Probability 11, 193-199.

12.Pauplin, O.; Louchet, J.; Lutton, E. & de La Fortelle, A. (2005), 'Evolutionary Optimisation for Obstacle Detection and Avoidance in Mobile Robotics', Journal of Advanced Computational Intelligence and Intelligent Informatics 9(6), 622-629.

13.Delcoigne, F. & de La Fortelle, A. (2004), 'Large deviations problems for star networks: the min policy', Ann. Appl. Probab. 14(2), 1006--1028.

14.Delcoigne, F. & de La Fortelle, A. (2002), 'Large deviations rate function for polling systems', Queueing Syst. Theory Appl. 41(1-2), 13—44.

15.Fayolle, G. & de La Fortelle, A. (2002), 'Entropy and Large Deviations for Discrete Time Markov Chains', Problems of Information Transmission 38(4), 354—367.

16.de La Fortelle, A. (2001), 'Large deviation principle for Markov chains in continuous time', Problemy Peredachi Informatsii 36(2), 120—140.

Conference articles

1.Altché, F.; Qian, X. & de La Fortelle, A. (2016), Least restrictive and minimally deviating supervisor for Safe semi-autonomous driving at an intersection: An MIQP approach, in 'Proc. IEEE 19th Int. Conf. Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC)', pp. 2520--2526.

2.Altché, F.; Qian, X. & de La Fortelle, A. (2016), Time-optimal coordination of mobile robots along specified paths, in 'Proc. IEEE/RSJ Int. Conf. Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)', pp. 5020--5026.

3.Altché, F. & de La Fortelle, A. (2016), Analysis of optimal solutions to robot coordination problems to improve autonomous intersection management policies, in 'Proc. IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symp. (IV)', pp. 86--91.

4.Qian, X.; Altché, F.; de La Fortelle, A. & Moutarde, F. (2016), A distributed MPC framework for road-following formation control of car-like vehicles, in 'Proc. Robotics and Vision (ICARCV) 2016 14th Int. Conf. Control, Automation', pp. 1--6.

5.Qian, X.; Altché, F.; Bender, P.; Stiller, C. & de La Fortelle, A. (2016), Optimal trajectory planning for autonomous driving integrating logical constraints: An MIQP perspective, in 'Proc. IEEE 19th Int. Conf. Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC)', pp. 205--210.

6.Qian, X.; Navarro, I.; de La Fortelle, A. & Moutarde, F. (2016), Motion planning for urban autonomous driving using B йzier curves and MPC, in 'Proc. IEEE 19th Int. Conf. Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC)', pp. 826--833.

7.Qian, X.; de La Fortelle, A. & Moutarde, F. (2016), A hierarchical Model Predictive Control framework for on-road formation control of autonomous vehicles, in 'Proc. IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symp. (IV)', pp. 376--381.

8.Zhang, K.; Yang, A.; Su, H.; d. La Fortelle, A. & Wu, X. (2016), Unified modeling and design of reservation-based cooperation mechanisms for intelligent vehicles, in 'Proc. IEEE 19th Int. Conf. Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC)', pp. 1192–1199.

9.Polack, P.; d'Andréa Novel, B.; de La Fortelle, A. & Menhour, L. (2016), Cohérence entre la modélisation et les objectifs de contrôle pour les véhicules autonomes, in 'Proceedings of the conference "Reconnaissance des Formes et Intelligence Artificielle"'.

10.Ben Jemaa, I.; Shagdar, O.; Muhlethaler, P. & de La Fortelle, A. (2015), Extended Mobility Management and Geocast Routing for Internet-to-VANET Multicasting, in 'Proceedings of the ITS Wold Congress 2015'.

11.Christie, D. P.; Koymans, A.; Chanard, T.; Vollichard, P.; Lavadinho, S.; Vincent-Geslin, S.; Thémans, M.; Bierlaire, M.; Kaufmann, V.; Gindrat, R. & others (2015), City Automated Transport System (CATS): The Legacy of an Innovative European Project, in 'European Transport Conference'.

12.de La Fortelle, A. (2015), Coordination of automated vehicles at intersections: decision, efficiency and control, in IEEE ITSS, ed., 'Proceedings of the IEEE 18th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems'.

13.de La Fortelle, A. & Qian, X. (2015), Autonomous driving at intersections: combining theoretical and practical approaches, in 'Proceedings of the ITS World Congress 2015'. Best paper award.

14.Ben Jemaa, I.; Shagdar, O.; Muhlethaler, P. & de La Fortelle, A. (2015), Extended Mobility Management and Geocast Routing for Internet-to-VANET Multicasting, in 'Proceedings of the ITS Wold Congress 2015'.

15.Christie, D. P.; Koymans, A.; Chanard, T.; Vollichard, P.; Lavadinho, S.; Vincent-Geslin, S.; Thémans, M.; Bierlaire, M.; Kaufmann, V.; Gindrat, R. & others (2015), City Automated Transport System (CATS): The Legacy of an Innovative European Project, in 'European Transport Conference'.

16.Qian, X.; Gregoire, J.; De La Fortelle, A. & Moutarde, F. (2015), Decentralized model predictive control for smooth coordination of automated vehicles at intersection, in 'Proceedings of the European Control Conference (ECC), 2015'.

17.Qian, X.; Gregoire, J.; Moutarde, F. & de La Fortelle, A. (2014), Autonomous Intersection Management for Mixed Traffic Flow, in '17th International IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems'.

18.Silva, R.; Noguchi, S.; Ernst, T.; Fortelle, A. D. L. & Junior, W. G. (2014), Standards for Cooperative Intelligent Transportation Systems: a Proof of Concept, in 'AICT2014, The Tenth Advanced International Conference on Telecommunications'. Best paper award

19.Qian, X.; Gregoire, J.; Moutarde, F. & De La Fortelle, A. (2014), Priority-based coordination of autonomous and legacy vehicles at intersection, in '17th International IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems'.

20.Gregoire, J.; Bonnabel, S. & De La Fortelle, A. (2014), Priority-based intersection management with kinodynamic constraints, in 'European Control Conference 2014'.

21.de La Fortelle, A.; Qian, X.; Diemer, S.; Grégoire, J.; Moutarde, F.; Bonnabel, S.; Marjovi, A.; Martinoli, A.; Llatser, I.; Festag, A. & Sjöberg, K. (2014), Network of automated vehicles: the AutoNet 2030 vision, in 'ITS World Congress'.

22.Gregoire, J.; Frazzoli, E.; de La Fortelle, A. & Wongpiromsarn, T. (2014), Back-pressure traffic signal control with unknown routing rates, in '19th IFAC World Congress'.

23.Wirbel, E.; Steux, B.; Bonnabel, S. & de La Fortelle, A. (2013), Humanoid robot navigation: from a visual SLAM to a visual compass, in 'ICNSC 2013: IEEE 10th International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control'.

24.Zhang, K.; de La Fortelle, A.; Zhang, D. & Wu, X. (2013), Analysis and Modeled Design of One State-Driven Autonomous Passing-Through Algorithm for Driverless Vehicles at Intersections, in 'IEEE 16th International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering, CSE 2013, 3-5 December, 2013, Sydney, Australia', pp. 751--757.

25.Zhang, K.; Li, J.; de La Fortelle, A. & Zhou, X. (2013), Agent Based Adaptive Cooperative Models and Mechanisms of Multiple Autonomous Cyber-Physical Systems, in '14th ACIS International Conference on Software Engineering, Artificial Intelligence, Networking and Parallel/Distributed Computing, SNPD 2013, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, 1-3 July, 2013', pp. 159--164.

26.Ben Jemaa, I.; Shagdar, O.; Muhlethaler, P. & de La Fortelle, A. (2013), Analysing Impact of Mobility Dynamics on Multicast Routing in Vehicular Networks, in 'EMERGING 2013 : The Fifth International Conference on Emerging Network Intelligence', IARIA, Porto, Portugal.

27.Gregoire, J.; Bonnabel, S. & de La Fortelle, A. (2012), 'Optimal cooperative motion planning for vehicles at intersections''IEEE Intelligent Vehicle Conference 2012.

28.Hofleitner, A.; Herring, R.; Bayen, A.; Han, Y.; Moutarde, F. & de La Fortelle, A. (2012), Large Scale Estimation of Arterial Traffic and Structural Analysis of Traffic Patterns from Probe Vehicles, in '91st Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting,'.

29.Alshaer, H.; Ernst, T. & de La Fortelle, A. (2012), An Integrated Architecture for Multi-homed Vehicle-to-Infrastructure Communications, in 'Network Operations and Management Symposium (NOMS)', pp. 1042-1047.

30.Alshaer, H.; Ernst, T. & de La Fortelle, A. (2012), A QoS Architecture for Provisioning High Quality in Intelligent Transportation Services, in 'NOMS 2012', pp. 595-598.

31.Lucas, F.; Guettier, C.; Siarry, P.; Milcent, A.-M. & de La Fortelle, A. (2012), 'Des métaheuristiques pour le guidage d'un solveur de contraintes dédié à la planification d'itinéraires de véhicules''ROADEF 2012'.

32.Alshaer, H.; Shubair, R.; Ernst, T. & de La Fortelle, A. (2011), On Provisioning High Quality in Intelligent Transportation Services, in '18th IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems', pp. 61—64.

33.Lucas, F.; de La Fortelle, A.; Siarry, P. & Guettier, C. (2011), Une sonde à base de métaheuristiques pour la résolution dynamique de CSOPs, in 'ROADEF 2011'.

34.Mahari, S. & de La Fortelle, A. (2011), Discrete events model for dual mode transport system simulation and evaluation, in '2nd International Conference on Models and Technologies for Intelligent Transportation Systems'.

35.de La Fortelle, A. (2010), Analysis of Reservation Algorithms for Cooperative Planning at Intersections, in IEEE ITSS, ed., 'Proceedings of the 13th International IEEE Annual Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems'.

36.Lucas, F.; Guettier, C.; Siarry, P.; Milcent, A.-M. & de La Fortelle, A. (2010), Navigation contrainte pour formations de véhicules en environnement hostile ou incertain, in 'ROADEF 2010'.

37.Lioris, E.; Cohen, G. & de La Fortelle, A. (2010), 'Evaluation of Collective Taxi Systems by Discrete-Event Simulation''Western District 2010 Annual Meeting, San Francisco', San Francisco, CA.

38.Lioris, J. E.; Cohen, G. & de La Fortelle, A. (2010), Overview of a Dynamic Evaluation of Collective Taxi Systems Providing an Optimal Performance, in 'Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV), 2010 IEEE', pp. 1110--1115.

39.Ammoun, S. & de La Fortelle, A. (2010), V2I data exchange architecture for enhanced vehicle-road cooperation, in 'Proceedings of 17th ITS World Congress'.

40.de La Fortelle, A. & Ernst, T. (2010), IPv6 GeoNetworking for ITS: lessons of the GeoNet Project, in 'Proceedings of 17th ITS World Congress'.

41.Lioris, J. E.; Cohen, G. & de La Fortelle, A. (2010), Evaluation of Collective Taxi Systems by Discrete-Event Simulation, in 'SIMUL 2010, 2nd International Conference on Advances in System Simulations', pp. 34—39. Best paper award.

42.Lioris, E.; Cohen, G. & de La Fortelle, A. (2010), 'Evaluation of Collective Taxi Systems by Discrete-Event Simulation''Congrès ROADEF', Toulouse, France.

43.Lioris, E.; Cohen, G. & de La Fortelle, A. (2009), Simulation and Evaluation of Collective Taxi Systems, in '12th IFAC Symposium on Control in Transportation Systems', pp. 263-270.

44.Lioris, E.; Cohen, G. & de La Fortelle, A. (2009), 'Simulation and Evaluation of Collective Taxi Systems''Congrès International ATEC-ITS', Versailles, France.

45.Ammoun, S.; Nashashibi, F. & de La Fortelle, A. (2008), Informative and decision-making systems in cooperative driving: application on crossroads passing, in '2nd Middle East Conference & Exhibition on Intelligent Transport Systems'.

46.de La Fortelle, A.; Muhlethaler, P. & Laouiti, A. (2008), GeoNet: geo-networking for ITS applications, in 'Proceedings of the 15th ITS world congress'.

47.Ammoun, S.; de La Fortelle, A. & Nashashibi, F. (2007), Performance analysis of intervehicle Communication for Collaborative Traffic Applications, in 'Telecommunications, 2007. ITST'07. 7th International Conference on ITS', pp. 1--6.

48.Furtlehner, C.; Lasgouttes, J.-M. & de La Fortelle, A. (2007), A Belief Propagation Approach to Traffic Prediction using Probe Vehicles, in 'Proceedings of ITSC'07'.

49.de La Fortelle, A.; Laurgeau, C.; Muhlethaler, P. & Toor, Y. (2007), Com2React: V2V communication for cooperative local traffic management, in 'Proceedings of the ITS World Congress 2007'.

50.Mehani, O. & de La Fortelle, A. (2007), Trajectory Planning in a Crossroads for a Fleet of Driverless Vehicles, in Roberto Moreno-Daz; Franz Pichler & Alexis Quesada-Arencibia, ed., 'EUROCAST', Springer, , pp. 1159-1166.

51.Lioris, E.; Cohen, G. & de La Fortelle, A. (2007), 'Evaluation of collective taxi systems by event-driven simulations''International Colloquium on Taxis', Lisbon, Portugal.

52.Aycard, O.; Spalanzani, A.; Yguel, M.; Burlet, J.; Du Lac, N.; de La Fortelle, A.; Fraichard, T.; Ghorayeb, H.; Kais, M.; Laugier, C.; Laurgeau, C.; Michel, G.; Raulo, D. & Steux, B. (2006), PUVAME – New French Approach for Vulnerable Road Users Safety, in 'Proceedings of the Intelligent Vehicles Symposium 2006', IEEE, , pp. 2-7.

53.de La Fortelle, A.; Lasgouttes, J.-M. & Furtlehner, C. (2006), Belief Propagation Algorithm for Traffic Prediction, in 'Proceedings of the 9th  Intelligent Systems And Computer Sciences Conference'.

54.de La Fortelle, A. & Laurgeau, C. (2006), REACT: a European project for enhanced safety and efficiency, in 'Proceedings of the ITS World Congress 2006'.

55.Ernst, T. & de La Fortelle, A. (2006), Car-to-car and car-to-infrastructure communication system based on NEMO and MANET in IPv6, in 'Proceedings of the ITS World Congress 2006'.

56.Parent, M. & de La Fortelle, A. (2005), Cybercars : Past, Present and Future of the Technology, in 'Proceedings of the ITS World Congress 2005'.

57.Kais, M.; Dauvillier, S.; de La Fortelle, A.; Masaki, I. & Laugier, C. (2004), Towards Outdoor Localization Using GIS, Vision System and Stochastic Error Propagation, in 'Proceedings of the International Conference on Autonomous Robots and Agents'.

58.Kais, M.; Morin, S.; de La Fortelle, A. & Laugier, C. (2004), Geometrical Model to Drive Vision Systems with Error Propagation, in 'Control, Automation, Robotics and Vision Conference, 2004. ICARCV 2004 8th', pp. 143--148.

59.Fayolle, G.; de La Fortelle, A.; Lasgouttes, J. M.; Massoulié, L. & Roberts, J. (2001), Best-effort networks: modeling and performance analysis via large networks asymptotics, in 'INFOCOM 2001. Twentieth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies. Proceedings. IEEE', pp. 709--716.

60.Leymarie, F.; de La Fortelle, A.; Koenderink, J.; Kappers, A. M. L.; Stavridi, M.; Van Ginneken, B.; Muller, S.; Krake, S.; Faugeras, O.; Robert, L.; Gauclin, C.; Laveau, S. & Zeller, C. (1996), REALISE: reconstruction of REALity from Image SEquences, in 'Proceedings of the International Conference on Image Processing', pp. 651-654.

Other publications

1.de La Fortelle, A. & Ballot, E. (2016), 'La voiture connectée - Techniques et implications', Revue des Ingénieurs de Mines.

2.de La Fortelle, A. (2016), 'Véhicule autonome : seconde génération', revue TELECOM.

3.de La Fortelle, A. (2016), 'Le véhicule autonome et connecté - Autonomie et coopération', TEC Mobilité Intelligente.

4.de La Fortelle, A. (2015), 'A study on generalized inverses and increasing functions Part I: generalized inverses', To be submitted.

5.Ammoun, S. & de La Fortelle, A. (2010), DIVAS : Architecture du système d'échange de données, in Hermes Science, ed., 'Actes du séminaire DIVAS'.

6.de La Fortelle, A. (2009), 'Les nouvelles technologies pour les systèmes de transport intelligents', Habilitation à diriger des recherches.

7.Laurgeau, C.; de La Fortelle, A. & Steux, B. (2009), 'Système et procédé d'information sur le trafic dans un réseau routier', Brevet 0851809.

8.Laurgeau, C.; de La Fortelle, A. & Steux, B. (2009), 'Information System and Method for Traffic in Road Network',  US Patent App. 12/933,618.

9.de La Fortelle, A.; Furtlehner, C. & Lasgouttes, J.-M. (2007), 'Statistical Physics Algorithms for Traffic Reconstruction', ERCIM News 67, 34-35.

10.de La Fortelle, A.; Talamona, A. & Kais, M. (2007), 'From Traffic Prediction to Collaborative Navigation Solutions', ERCIM News 67, 35.

11.Furtlehner, C.; Lasgouttes, J.-M. & de La Fortelle, A. (2007), 'Belief Propagation and Bethe approximation for Traffic Prediction'(6144), Technical report, INRIA.

12.Furtlehner, C.; de La Fortelle, A. & Lasgouttes, J.-M. (2006), 'Belief-Propagation Algorithm for a Traffic Prediction System based on Probe Vehicles'(5807), Technical report, Inria.

13.de La Fortelle, A.; Talamona, A.; Kais, M. & others (2006), 'From traffic prediction to collaborative navigation solutions', ERCIM News 68, 35-36.

14.Delcoigne, F. & de La Fortelle, A. (2002), 'Large deviations for a class of Markov processes modeling communication networks'(4474), Technical report, INRIA, 42.

15.de La Fortelle, A. (2002), 'Variance calculation through large deviations techniques'(4441), Technical report, INRIA, 40.

16.de La Fortelle, A. (2000), 'Contribution à la théorie des grandes déviations et applications', PhD thesis, École Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées.

17.de La Fortelle, A. & Fayolle, G. (1998), 'Large deviation principle for a Markov chain with a countable state space'(3503), Technical report, INRIA, 39.